STI Testing

STI Testing and Treatment

Valley Women’s Clinic provides free STI testing and treatment in Blacksburg and Radford, Virginia. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can be a serious concern. Left untreated, infections can cause irreversible damage to your reproductive system. All services are free and confidential. Request an appointment today.

STIs and STDs… What’s the difference?

The terms STI (sexually transmitted infection) and STD (sexually transmitted disease) are often used interchangeably. But do you know the difference?

  • The term “STI” (sexually transmitted infection) is used to describe the presence of an infection in the body, which may or may not be accompanied by symptoms.
  • The term “STD” (sexually transmitted diseases) on the other hand, describes an infection that has caused damage in a person’s body—though, like sexually transmitted infections, an STD may or may not be accompanied by symptoms.

STI is the broader of the two terms. All STDs are STIs, though not all STIs become STDs.

The Center for Disease Control can provide you with accurate and up-to-date information on each STI.


Sexually transmitted diseases are diseases passed from person to person during sexual activity (e.g. vaginal, oral and anal sex, outercourse or mutual masturbation). STDs can be transmitted through bodily fluids and, in some cases, skin-to-skin contact.

It’s important to remember that not everyone infected with an STD will experience signs or symptoms. But STDs can still cause severe damage, and can be passed to your partner(s) without your knowledge. You don’t need to be experiencing symptoms to be contagious. You can spread the disease at any time.

What about abortion?

If not treated prior to an abortion, these infections may cause serious health problems. During an abortion these organisms can be transferred from the vagina into the uterus. When this occurs, a second condition called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) may develop.

Immediate symptoms of PID can be mild and even non-existent, but the effects are long lasting. According to the CDC, women with PID can experience complications that result in infertility. PID is also known to cause scarring of the Fallopian tubes, increasing the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy may result in serious maternal complications, even death. Contact us to learn more about STIs and STDs.

STI testing

Information taken from The Center for Disease Control (2022).

1. The Center for Disease Control (2022). STD Facts – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Retrieved September 21, 2022 from

The content on this page has been reviewed and approved by our Medical Director.

Dr. Matthew McCarthy

Medical Director

Know your options. Be educated.